The United Republic of Tanzania is the largest of the five East African countries, is practically surrounded by water with Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika to the north and west, Lake Nyasa in the south and the whole of its 1,424 kilometers long eastern border and the islands of Zanzibar lapped by the warm Indian Ocean.
Located just south of the Equator, Tanzania enjoys a tropical climate constantly warm throughout the year, humid at the coast, fresh and bracing in the highlands and tempered by breezes on the islands. Twice yearly rainy seasons bring the vital green seasons to the bush and help to maintain the abundant wildlife and big game for which Tanzania is justly world famous. More than 25% of its area of 945,087square kilometers is set aside for game parks and reserves. Tanzania boasts some of the finest wildlife sanctuaries in the world, including the World Heritage Sites of Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Crater, Mount Kilimanjaro, and Selous Game Reserve. Alongside these famous sites are Mount Meru, Tarangire, Lake Manyara, Mikumi, Ruaha and Zanzibar Islands which have for long crowned the Tanzania destination, readily appearing on the itineraries of tour planners on the market place.
There are many other areas of stunning beauty like the game parks of Katavi, Mahale Mountains, Gombe Stream, Mkomazi, Saadani, Udzungwa Mountains, and Kitulo or the historical sites of Kilwa in southern Tanzania, which are now coming on to the scene but rarely featured in safari itineraries in the past. This is simply because the infrastructure and facilities in those areas were not as developed and Tanzania has many such pristine nature reserves yet to be explored for nature recreation.